Interviewer: Good morning, Mr. West. Nice to have you on our program.
Interviewee: Good morning.
Interviewer: OK. We all work or very few people can get away with not working. Work is a fact of life when we're adults. But before, there wasn't a lot of choice in the selection of work.
Interviewer: Now things are different.
Interviewer: With greater mobility, the mobility that is offered when people have greater opportunities for higher education or training, more and more people are able to choose the fields that interest them.
Interviewer: They can and do have opinions about what makes one job for them better than another job.
Interviewer: So, Mr. West, what do people actually want from their jobs? What are workers' opinions, you know, about what makes one job better than another?
Interviewee: Well, to answer your questions, I'd like to look at two polls, two surveys. They were both done in the 1990s.
Interviewee: The purposes were to find out what issues or job characteristics were especially important to workers.
Interviewer: Umm. What were they?
Interviewee: Some of you might guess that the answer is obvious.
Interviewer: I think so.
Interviewee: You might say "oh people just want higher salaries, more money." But let's see if that's true.
Interviewee: Now, the first poll. The first poll was taken in 1990, and this poll asked respondents to choose what was the most important to them among five items.
Interviewee: And they were only allowed to choose one out of the five items.
Interviewer: So what were the five items?
Interviewee: Alright. The first item was important and meaningful work. The second was high income. The third was chances for advancement, promotion and so on.
Interviewee: The fourth item was job security, and the fifth was shorter work hours, OK?
Interviewer: It would be interesting to know the survey results.
Interviewee: Yes, now let me tell you the results. 50% considered important and meaningful work the most important characteristic of a job. They didn't choose high income.
Interviewee: Interesting. Anyway, 24% did say high income was the most important characteristic of a job. Of the remaining, 16% said chances for advancement was most important.
Interviewee: Maybe these were younger workers, starting out on a career. 6% said job security and family. 4% said shorter work hours was most important.